Rwanda Culture and History

Rwanda Culture and History2018-10-23T17:16:26+00:00

Rwanda Culture & History

Rwanda positioned in the East – Central Africa is neighbored by Uganda in the north, Democratic Republic of Congo in the west, Tanzania in the west and Burundi in the east. Rwanda is relatively smaller in size than Maryland and it a hilly country with steep hills and deep valleys. Rwanda has the highest lake in Africa – Lake Kivu at an altitude of 4,829ft (1,472m). The nation of Rwanda also shares the Virunga Mountains in the north with Mount Karisimbi (4,324m) being the highest point in Rwanda.

Politically, Rwanda is a Republican government with a functioning parliament and a constitution and is headed by an elected President.

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Overview about Rwanda Culture and History

Traditionally, the indigenous people of Rwanda were the Pygmy (Twa) who apparently forms only 1% of the population. Though the Hutu and Tutsi are usually considered to have separate ethnic origins, various scholars have asserted that they speak the similar language, possess intermarriage history, and share a range of cultural characteristics.

Traditionally, occupation made the differences between these two tribes rather than ethnic backgrounds. This is because the agriculturalists were regarded as Hutu and Pastoralists were considered as Tutsis. Physically, the Tutsis are tall and thin while the Hutu are short and square though it was a bit challenging for the colonialists to distinguish the two. Thus in 1933, the Belgian colonialists required all the people to carry their identity cards showing their tribal identity which in turn enhanced their differences.

Rwanda was part of the German East Africa in 1890 and it received the first European explorers on 1854. It was later occupied by the Belgian troops during World War I in 1916 and after the war it became a Belgian League of Nations mandate together with Burundi under the umbrella of Ruanda-Urundi. It later became a UN trust territory in 1946 and till the independence of Belgian Congo; Ruanda–Urundi was rules as part of the colony.

cultural safaris-rwanda
cultural safaris-rwanda
Breakfast at Iby'Iwacu Cultural Village
Breakfast at Iby'Iwacu Cultural Village
cultural dancers in rwanda
cultural dancers in rwanda

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The Belgians initially promoted Tutsi dominancy though they later resorted to power sharing between the Hutu and the Tutsi. The differences in ethnicity and disunity resulted in 1959 Rwandan revolution which left many Tutsis in exile and at the time of independence in July 1, 1962, Rwanda was under Hutu leadership.

The Rwanda Patriotic Front formed by the Tutsi rebels who were in exile in Uganda invaded Rwanda in Oct, 1990 on a move to overthrow the Hutu government. This led to the Peace accords that were signed in Aug.1993 to allow the coalition government between the Tutsi and the Hutu. However, this did not last when the Presidential plane FALCON 50 was brought down in April 1994 leading to the death of the two Presidents including; Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana and his colleague the Burundian President. Though the cause of this plane clash is unclear, it is alleged that the Hutu extremists who were annoyed with the initiative of power sharing plotted the move. Whatever the cause, it can be noted to any Rwanda safari undertaker, that the tragedy led to the eruption of overwhelming ethnic violence with the presidential guard starting off the killing of the Tutsi opposition leaders while the army and the police hatched the plan to exterminate the Tutsi ethnic from the Land of a thousand hills – Rwanda.

It is extremely sad to note that in a period of 100 days, about 800,000 Tutsis and Moderate Hutus were massacred cold blood. A force of 30,000 Hutu militia named Interahamwe spearheaded the massacre and with the influence of Radio Propaganda, the ordinary Hutus also joined the move to exterminate their fellow citizens. A number of genocide memorial sites are scattered all over Rwanda and can be encountered while undertaking safaris in Rwanda to testify this horror.

As a result of this, the Rwanda Patriotic Front fought hurriedly and in 14 week civil war the Hutu government was ousted and quite alarming is that despite of this horrific genocide, no country came in to save the Tutsis and further to note is that the United Nations force withdrew from Rwanda in the early stages of genocide when 10 of its soldiers were killed.

After the genocide, about 1.7 million Hutus fled into exile to the neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo and interestingly to note is that the Tutsis allowed the Pasteur Bizimungu – a Hutu to become the president in a bid to foster national unity. The rebel leader Paul Kagame became the Vice President though he later rose to the Presidential position.

Though Rwanda continued to receive attacks from the Hutu rebels from Congo, it has relatively stabilized politically and the efforts to bring the genocide ring leaders to justice were put in place with Jean Kambanda – the former Rwandan Prime Minister being the first person in history to be convicted of genocide charges as per the 1948 Genocide Convention. The economy is quick progress and is considered one of the fastest growing economies in East Africa while the social cohesion is alive. All this combine to make safaris to Rwanda memorable.

Rwanda Google Map showing the Safari Destinations in Rwanda

Tourists Map of Rwanda | Safari Destinations in Rwanda

Transport Means to Your Safari Destinations

4×4 Safari Land cruiser – Gx For Hire Carries [1-7 PEOPLE]
4×4 Safari Land cruiser – Gx For Hire Carries [1-7 PEOPLE]
4×4 Safari Land cruiser – Extended for Hire Carries - [1-7 PEOPLE]
4×4 Safari Land cruiser – Extended for Hire Carries - [1-7 PEOPLE]
4×4 Safari Van - for Hire Carries [1-9 PEOPLE]
4×4 Safari Van - for Hire Carries [1-9 PEOPLE]
Travel by Air
Travel by Air

Accommodations, Safari Lodges, Safari Hotels in Volcanoes National Park Rwanda

Mountain Gorilla View Lodge
Mountain Gorilla View Lodge

The Mountain Gorilla View Lodge is an upmarket lodge on the boundaries of Volcanoes National Park about fifteen (15) minutes’ drive to the entrance of the park. The lodge offers accommodation in a range of thirty (30) chalets with enough space, a modern bar and restaurant.

Sabyinyo Silverback Lodge
Sabyinyo Silverback Lodge

Sabyinyo Silverback Lodge is positioned close to the Volcanoes Park Headquarters is about few minutes’ drive. Accommodation is provided in six cottages with two (2) suites with private verandas, inbuilt ablutions and living room overseeing fireplace.

Virunga Lodge
Virunga Lodge

Virunga Lodge is a luxury accommodation located on a ridge with impressive views of the Virunga massif. Accommodation is presented in eight (8) bandas and each banda features a private terrace with impressive views of the Virunga massif.

Accommodations, Safari Lodges, Safari Hotels in Nyungwe National Park Rwanda

Nyungwe Top View Hill Hotel
Nyungwe Top View Hill Hotel

Accommodation at Nyungwe Top View Hill Hotel is offered in twelve (12) units and four (4) of these feature twin beds while the eight (8) are apartments featuring queen sized beds. The rooms are self-contained. The Hotel also has a restaurant and a well-stocked bar.

Gisakura Guesthouse
Gisakura Guesthouse

Positioned at 2km distance outside Nyungwe Forest National Park. Gisakura Guesthouse offers accommodation in twin, double and triple rooms which are self-contained and with provision of warm water on request. The Guesthouse also features a good restaurant.

Accommodations, Safari Lodges, Safari Hotels in Akagera National Park Rwanda

Akagera Game Lodge
Akagera Game Lodge

Akagera Game Lodge is located within the park close to its southern entrance. The Lodge features a swimming pool, conference center and a tennis court. Accommodation is offered in standard rooms, deluxe, family and Junior Suite. The lodge features over 60 bed rooms.

Ruzizi Tented Lodge
Ruzizi Tented Lodge

Ruzizi Tented Lodge is a luxury tented accommodation facility in Akagera National Park. It offers accommodation in a range of twenty (20) beds that are connected by walkways. Ruzizi Tented Camp has nine (9) tents which can up to twenty (20) clients.

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Rwanda Safari Trips

The world traveller would wish to know the travel requirement before considering visiting Uganda and Rwanda. The travel information gives you an insight into the requirements of the basic aspects like Passport, Visa requirements and exemption and the health conditions. Understanding these requirements help one to act accordingly so as to avoid disappointments at the time of arrival.The travel information also features the travel to Uganda and Rwanda. The travellers are given the opportunity to know the flights that operate from their respective originating areas connecting to Uganda and Rwanda. The domestic flights and provision for charter flights is also provided for the sake of flying travelers on safari in Uganda or Rwanda safari.

gorilla chimpazee trekking

Gorilla Safaris & Chimpazee trekking

Rwanda Gorilla Safaris | Gorilla Trekking Rwanda

Rwanda is a world surprising Gorilla trekking Rwanda African safari destination in offering Rwanda Gorilla tours / Rwanda gorilla safaris in Volcanoes National Park – part of the Virunga Massif with about half of the about 420 mountain gorillas that habitat / leave in the Virunga Massif i.e Volcanoes National park Rwanda, Mgahinga Gorilla Park Uganda and Virunga National park Congo.Read More about Rwanda Gorilla Safari Tours

1 Day Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda
1 Day Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda

1Day Gorilla Tracking Safari in Rwanda -1 Day Rwanda Gorilla Tour Volcanoes Park is an amazing gorilla excursion that you cannot have anywhere else in the region.

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2 Days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda
2 Days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda

2Days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda, is a 2 Days Gorilla trekking safari tour in Rwanda & one of the best short gorilla safaris that you can undertake.

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3 days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda
3 days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda

3Days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda,The 3 Days Short Rwanda Gorilla safari tour starts and ends in Kigali /Kigali Airport but includes Gisozi genocide.

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4 Days Double Rwanda Gorilla Trekking Safari Tour
4 Days Double Rwanda Gorilla Trekking Safari Tour

4Days Rwanda Double Gorilla Trekking SafariRwanda Gorilla Safari Tour in Volcanoes NP enables one double track mountain Gorillas in Rwanda.

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5 Days Gorilla & Chimpanzee Tracking Safari in Rwanda
5 Days Gorilla & Chimpanzee Tracking Safari in Rwanda

5Days Rwanda Gorilla Safari & Chimpanzee Trekking Tour, is an amazing Safari to Rwanda`s Nyungwe Forest for Chimps and Colobus Monkey tracking.

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6 Days Gorilla Safari Rwanda, Chimpanzee trekking & Colobus Monkeys tracking
6 Days Gorilla Safari Rwanda, Chimpanzee trekking & Colobus Monkeys tracking

6Days Gorilla Safari Rwanda, Chimpanzee trekking & Colobus Monkeys tracking, is designed to enable you go Gorilla trekking in Rwanda and have a detailed encounter with the primates of Rwanda.

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6 Days Rwanda Primate & Cultural safari
6 Days Rwanda Primate & Cultural safari

6Days Rwanda Primate & Cultural Safari is a perfect blend of nature and heritage of Rwanda. It avails the tourism products in Kigali city and Butare town including genocide memorials, Presidential and Kings Palaces, National Museum.

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7 Days Gorilla Safari Rwanda, Chimpanzee trekking & Birding
7 Days Gorilla Safari Rwanda, Chimpanzee trekking & Birding

7Days Gorilla Safari Rwanda, Chimpanzee trekking & Birding, This Rwanda Gorilla trekking, Chimpanzee and Rwanda Birding Safari is a blend of various tourist products that have made Rwanda a favorite safari destination.

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9 Days Rwanda Gorilla Safari, Chimpanzee trekking & Canopy walk
9 Days Rwanda Gorilla Safari, Chimpanzee trekking & Canopy walk

9Days Rwanda Gorilla Safari, Chimpanzee trekking & Canopy walk, gives you an opportunity to explore the Rwandan heritage and tourist sites in detail. The Safari commences and ends in Kigali.

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10 Days Rwanda Gorilla Safari tour Adventure
10 Days Rwanda Gorilla Safari tour Adventure

10Days Rwanda Gorilla Safari tour Adventure, is a Long Rwanda Gorilla trekking safari tour, and a highlight Rwanda Gorilla Safari, Chimp trekking & a Rwanda wildlife tour.

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11 Days Rwanda Gorilla Safari & Wildlife Safari in Rwanda
11 Days Rwanda Gorilla Safari & Wildlife Safari in Rwanda

11Days Rwanda Gorilla Safari & Wildlife Safari in Rwanda, is one of the comprehensive safaris that can be taken in the destination Rwanda. The safari features a perfect blend of wild game.

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12 Days Rwanda Gorilla Trekking Safari
12 Days Rwanda Gorilla Trekking Safari

12Days Rwanda Gorilla Trekking Safari, is a Rwanda Gorilla Tour Trip to trek and see Gorillas in Volcanoes Mountain Park. This Rwanda gorilla trekking safari is an amazing Rwanda.

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Rwanda Wildlife Safari Tours

The Rwanda Wildlife Safaris allows you to explore the destination Rwanda without gorilla trekking. You might have tracked gorillas before or you can not include it at the moment because of budgetary issues and this makes the Rwanda Wildlife Safari ideal for such travelers.Read More about Rwanda Wildlife Safari Tours

3 Days Rwanda Chimpanzee Safari to Nyungwe Forest National Park
3 Days Rwanda Chimpanzee Safari to Nyungwe Forest National Park

3Days Rwanda Chimpanzee Safari to Nyungwe Forest National Park, is a thrilling encounter in the pre-historic forest of Nyungwe where counts of habituated Chimpanzees are found…

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3 Days Rwanda Wildlife Safari to Akagera National Park
3 Days Rwanda Wildlife Safari to Akagera National Park

3Days Rwanda Wildlife Safari to Akagera National Park. is a perfect short wildlife encounter in the rolling savannah plains of the eastern Rwanda where Akagera National Park is situated overlooking the Tanzanian Plains.

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5 Days Wildlife and Chimpanzee Safari in Rwanda
5 Days Wildlife and Chimpanzee Safari in Rwanda

5Days Wildlife and Chimpanzee Safari in Rwanda, takes you to the wild game viewing haven of Akagera National Park and the chimpanzee trekking destination of Nyungwe …

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5 Days Rwanda Adventure Safari
5 Days Rwanda Adventure Safari

5Days Rwanda Adventure Safari, the safari takes you to the Volcanoes National Park which protects the Rwandan side of the Virunga mountain chain.

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6 Days Rwanda Wildlife Safari
6 Days Rwanda Wildlife Safari

6Days Rwanda Wildlife Safari takes you to Volcanoes National Park and Akagera National Park not forgetting the genocide sites of Kigali…

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9 Days Rwanda Wildlife Safari
9 Days Rwanda Wildlife Safari

9Days Rwanda Wildlife Safari is one of those extended safaris in Rwanda that do not feature gorilla trekking. Starting and ending in Kigali…

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Best Selling Rwanda Safaris

2 Days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda

2 Days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda, is a 2 Days Gorilla trekking safari tour in Rwanda & one of the best short gorilla safaris that you can undertake. View Itinerary

3 days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda

3 Days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda,The 3 Days Short Rwanda Gorilla safari tour starts and ends in Kigali /Kigali Airport but includes Gisozi genocide. View Itinerary

3 Days Rwanda Chimpanzee Safari to Nyungwe Forest National Park

The 3 Days Chimpanzee Safari in Rwanda is a thrilling encounter in the pre-historic forest of Nyungwe where counts of habituated Chimpanzees are found…View Itinerary

3 Days Rwanda Wildlife Safari to Akagera National Park

The 3 Days Rwanda Wildlife Safari to Akagera National Park is a perfect short wildlife encounter in the rolling savannah plains of the eastern Rwanda … View Itinerary

Best Selling Uganda Safaris

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3 Days Bwindi Gorilla Safari in Uganda is a Short Uganda Gorilla Safari-Uganda Gorilla Tour taking you trek gorilla in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest NP. View Itinerary

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3 Days Uganda Wildlife Safari to Murchison Falls National Park, commence and end in Kampala. The safari involves white Rhino tracking in Ziwa Sanctuary, chimpanzee trekking. View Itinerary

6 Days Uganda Wildlife Safari to Kidepo and Murchison Falls NP

6 Days Uganda Wildlife Safari to Kidepo and Murchison Falls National Parks, allows you to explore the big five of land animals in detail. The lions, elephants, Buffaloes and Leopard thrive on Kidepo as well as Murchison. View Itinerary

6 Days Uganda Gorilla Safari & Wildlife Safari in Uganda

6 Days Uganda Gorilla Safari – Uganda Gorilla Safari is an amazing Uganda Gorilla Tour to Bwindi Forest. Our 6 Days Uganda Gorilla Safari commences and ends in Kampala city Ugandas capital.View Itinerary

Discounted Safaris

2 Days Gorilla Safari in Uganda from Kigali Rwanda

2 Days Gorilla Safari in Uganda from Kigali Rwanda starts and ends in Kigali Rwanda featuring remarkable sightseeing experience in Rwandan hillsides and Kigezi Highlands and the Mountain Gorilla Trekking. View Itinerary

2 Days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda

2 Days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda, is a 2 Days Gorilla trekking safari tour in Rwanda & one of the best short gorilla safaris that you can undertake. View Itinerary

3 days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda

3 Days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda,The 3 Days Short Rwanda Gorilla safari tour starts and ends in Kigali /Kigali Airport but includes Gisozi genocide. View Itinerary

4 Days Bwindi Uganda Gorilla Safari & Mburo

4 Days Bwindi Uganda Gorilla Safari & Wildlife tour to Mburo takes you Gorilla trekking in Uganda as well as to a Uganda wildlife tour in Lake Mburo park. View Itinerary

6 Days Rwanda Primate & Cultural safari

6 Days Rwanda Primate & Cultural safari, is a perfect blend of nature and heritage of Rwanda. It avails the tourism products in Kigali city and Butare town including genocide memorials. View Itinerary

10 days Uganda Gorilla Safari Holiday & Wildlife Safari in Uganda

10 days Uganda Gorilla Safari Holiday & Wildlife Safari in Uganda, A Uganda Gorilla Safari Holiday Tour/Uganda Safari including Gorilla trekking in Bwindi and Wildlife tours in Uganda`s Major Game Parks.View Itinerary

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12 Days Rwanda Uganda Gorilla Trekking Safari is a comprehensive Uganda Rwanda Gorilla Safari Tour Trip in Africa. View Itinerary

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15 days Rwanda Uganda Gorilla Trekking tour – Rwanda Uganda gorilla tour is an African wildlife & gorilla tour trip adventure. View Itinerary

18 Days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda and Uganda

18 Days Gorilla Trekking Safari in Rwanda and Uganda is a comprehensive Wildlife and Gorilla safari tour in Uganda Rwanda. It involves primate. View Itinerary

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