UNDERSTANDING CORONAVIRUS – COVID-19, THE GLOBAL PANDEMIC
As we talk today, the world is in a state of disarray and confusion about what to do and how to check the ever-increasing spread of Coronavirus (COVID-19). That started as a simple flu in the Chinese town of Wuhan has now proved to be a global epidemic without cure, thereby leaving the global village polarized and disoriented about what to do next. We are now dedicating this page to shading light on this disease that has ravaged society in a way that it hasn’t been seen for nearly a hundred years ago, since the Spanish flu in 1918.
Is Coronavirus a disease?
What is Coronavirus? Coronavirus is a virus/germ that causes is an infectious disease called COVID-19.
What is COVID-19?
‘CO’ stands for corona, ‘VI’ for virus, and ‘D’ for disease. COVID-19 thus means Coronavirus disease 2019. In the world of pathology, Coronavirus (COVID-19) is not a new virus on the scene, but rather a new strain that is part of the larger family of coronaviruses that have existed for quite some time, such as MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) and SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome). However, this new strain of Corona Virus seems to be more serial than the former 2 combined given the number of causalities it has claimed in its wake.
What is a pandemic?
A pandemic is a global disease outbreak; it usually affects a large number of people. The classical definition includes nothing about population immunity, virology or disease severity. By this definition, pandemics can be said to occur annually in each of the temperate southern and northern hemispheres, given that seasonal epidemics cross international boundaries and affect a large number of people. However, seasonal epidemics are not considered pandemics. The COVID-19 that began as an epidemic in China has now become a pandemic. There are many examples pandemics in history, the most recent being the COVID-19 pandemic declared as such on 12 March 2020 by the World Health Organization.
How corona virus started?
Many people all over the world wonder: – How Did Coronavirus begin? Is Coronavirus man made? Is corona virus a bio weapon? Where did corona virus start from? Where did corona virus come from? What is the history of Coronavirus? Well, it is believed that the coronavirus originated or begun in the Chinese city of Wuhan in Hubei province. The virus is thought to have originated from the seafood market and is thought to have spread from the live animals sold here to humans. Evidence indicates that coronavirus is a naturally occurring virus which was not created or modified by humans in any way.
Is Coronavirus mutating?
Scientists have discovered that this Coronavirus mutates much like every other virus out there. Nevertheless, the rate of mutation of this virus gradually does not pose a significant stalemate in efforts to develop a vaccine for this virus.
What are the signs and Symptoms of Coronavirus?
What do you feel when you contract Coronavirus? −Symptoms of coronavirus do not vary from common flu (influenza) or cold. Therefore testing is important to confirm whether anyone has COVID-19 or the common cold. The typical Coronavirus symptoms are fever, exhaustion, coughing, and shortness of breath. The virus can also cause aches and pains, sore throat, diarrhoea, conjunctivitis, loss of taste or smell, headache, skin rash and finger or toe discoloration. The more severe signs of the Coronavirus include chest pain or pressure, and loss of speech or movement.
Which people are at risk of contracting Coronavirus?
Health experts believe those with poor immune systems are the one with the highest chance of getting Coronavirus. Older people and people with chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease, tend to be at higher risk for extreme symptom growth. There is no guarantee however that those with a strong immune system will not contract the virus.
What does Coronavirus do to the body?
As mentioned above, people infected with Coronavirus tend to experience or develop certain signs and symptoms, such as weakness, fever, cough and shortness of breath. Those symptoms develop as the immune system of your body responds to the infection. When the aggressive invader (virus) is detected by the immune system it releases the chemicals called cytokines. This chemical serves as a warning to the rest of the body that something is wrong and in effect causes you to feel such symptoms as it puts up a strong battle against the intruding virus.
Coughing up sputum (thick mucus that contains dead lung cells killed by the virus) may eventually start. It is advised that you do not panic when this happens to you; just have plenty of bed rest, take plenty of fluids and paracetamol. This stage may last for a week, during which you may recover – because your immune system has fought off the virus. Some people will develop a more severe form of Covid-19 and this will require special treatment from qualified doctors.
Is Coronavirus/COVID-19 a more severe disease than seasonal influenza?
COVID-19 is a new disease and only a few people have immunity to it. Hence more people are susceptible to get infected by Coronavirus. When it comes to seasonal flu strains a lot of people have developed immunity for them. Seasonal flu often usually kills less than 1 percent of those infected while 3.4 percent of confirmed cases of Coronavirus have died.
How is Coronavirus spread?
There are many ways in which coronavirus is transmitted. The most common ones that have proved the easiest ways through which the virus can be passed from one person to another are the following.
- Respiratory droplets: When a person cough, sneeze or speak, she/he released from the nose or mouth small droplets. These droplets can travel many feet, according to the scientists and can easily be breathed in by a nearby person. If you inhale the droplets from a sick person who has just coughed or sneezed, you can become infected. That is why it is important to keep a distance from a sick person of more than two metres.
- Touching the surface that an infected person has touched: Coronavirus may persist on objects or surface around the Coronavirus victim for some time. You can also become infected if you touch these objects or surface and then touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. It is therefore important that basic hygiene measures are complied with.
Can Coronavirus live on clothes?
The answer is yes. It is not advisable to touch the clothing of an infected person. Wear protective equipment such as gloves, face masks and others if you need to contact them.
Can Coronavirus spread through air?
Yes, more particularly if the sick person coughs or sneezes without covering his mouth or nose, the virus can spread through the air. In this case, the nearby person can easily breathe in the mucus droplets which carry the virus and he/she can get infected.
Can Coronavirus be transmitted through sex?
Although there is no much conclusive data on this, it seems possible that if you get to have sex with someone who is infected with COVID-19 you will get infected with the virus. This is because you get close to this infected person.
Are the elderly more vulnerable to the Coronavirus disease?
The global COVID-19 pandemic has had drastic impacts on the world population. All age groups may contract the Coronavirus but, if infected; older people face a greater risk of developing a serious illness. It is due to their ageing physiological changes and possible underlying health problems.
Are Coronavirus deaths decreasing in the world?
Some countries, including Italy, UK, France, Belgium, Germany, South Korea, Japan, New Zealand, Australia and the United States of America (USA), have begun to experience a decline in death cases of Coronavirus. However, Coronavirus death cases are still on the rise in some countries such as Brazil, Chile and India.
Will Coronavirus be gone by summer?
It’s very hard to believe the hot weather will deter the coronavirus as the virus has spread all over the world. Many countries have still not yet hit their peak number of illnesses and deaths. As of today, the other reason is that more than 9.2 million coronavirus cases have been reported globally. If the current coronavirus is seasonal it is too early to be sure.
Will Coronavirus ever end?
No-one knows when Coronavirus is going to stop. This virus is expected to cease once an effective vaccine has been developed. COVID-19 has the potential to exist inside a person without ever displaying any signs or symptoms of getting it, but they can also unknowingly pass it on to another person, making it highly possible for new infections to occur.
What are the recommendations to follow when travelling during Coronavirus?
It is advisable not to undertake unnecessary travel at this time. You are recommended to control symptoms regularly (cough and problems with breathing), check your temperature twice a day, wash your hands often and thoroughly, avoid contact with frail and delicate people and resume your normal operation.
Is there asymptomatic transmission of the Coronavirus disease?
Asymptomatic means that symptoms do not show up. As for the asymptomatic transmission of coronavirus, few cases have been reported. This does not, however, rule out the possibility of it happening.
Is there a cure for Coronavirus?
As of today, COVID-19 has no vaccine. Many of the symptoms of Coronavirus have been treated, however, and getting early care from a health care provider can make the disease less dangerous. Several clinical trials are currently underway to test possible COVID-19 therapies. Scientists are also optimistic that a vaccine will be available soon, as many promising vaccine trials are underway in several countries including China, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, France, Italy and many more.
Which corona viruses have vaccines?
Coronaviruses have existed for some time, but all viruses, including Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, do not have any vaccines.
What is the recovery time of Coronavirus?
The data available shows that, for mild cases, a person may fully recover from Covid-19 from the time of infection to clinical recovery in about two weeks. For patients with serious or critical disease, three to six weeks were reported.
Which corona test is more accurate?
Coronavirus tests are classified into two categories: the Molecular Coronavirus test and the Serological (antibody) test. The test you want to use is determined by what you want to find, since the two tests work differently. The Molecular Test shows an active infection of the Coronavirus. It does not rule out bacterial infections or other viral co-infections. This test is deemed highly accurate.
Serological Coronavirus test include the identification of antibodies in a sample of blood, typically obtained by a simple fingerprick. These tests do not require special equipment to analyze the results, so they can be used either in laboratories or at the point of care. Your body develops antibodies when you’re exposed to the virus, which can take several days to over a week. Antibodies are proteins the body produces against invading germs while preparing a response. And when you use the serological tests, they should search for antibodies specifically the Immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies that your immune system produces in response to a COVID-19 attack.
What are some good foods to eat during the COVID-19 pandemic?
It is recommended to eat foods which contain vitamins, dietary fibre, calcium and antioxidants. The fruits that are sponsored include pineapples, mangoes, strawberries and bananas. Additionally, legumes (e.g. lentils, beans), nuts and whole grains (e.g. unprocessed maize, millet, oats, wheat, brown rice or starchy tubers or roots like potato, yam, taro or cassava), and animal products (e.g. beef, fish, eggs and milk). For snacks, choose raw vegetables and fresh fruit rather than foods that are high in sugar, fat or salt. Don’t forget to drink enough water.
How to prevent Coronavirus?
Simple precautions are given here to reduce your chances of getting infected or spreading Coronavirus.
- Clean your hands regularly and thoroughly using a hand sanitizer that contains alcohol, or wash them with water and soap.
- Always ensure that the gap between yourself and others is at least two metres. If you’re too close to others, when someone infected coughs, sneezes or speaks, you can breathe in the droplets and get infected in this way.
- Don’t go to crowded areas. This is because keeping a physical distance is more difficult, so you are more likely to get in close touch with someone who has COIVD-19.
- Do not use unwashed hands to reach the soft parts of your body (eyes, nose, and mouth). Your hands touch a lot of surfaces and can catch the virus. When contaminated, the virus can be passed to the eyes, nose or mouth by hand.
- Take the tissue or use a bent elbow to cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing. Dispose of it immediately and wash your hands in case you have used a tissue.
- When you have a headache, cough or mild fever, just stay home and isolate yourself until you recover. Wear a face mask to prevent infecting anyone as you leave your home.
- If you have a fever, cough and trouble breathing, seek medical attention. If possible call ahead by phone and follow the direction of your healthy local authority.
- Try to always obtain the latest COVID-19 information from reputable sources, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) or the local and national health authorities. The local and national authorities are better positioned to advise on what people can do to protect themselves in your area.
Which Coronavirus zone is my location? / Which Coronavirus zone am I in?
Follow the map of the Global Coronavirus, established by the Center for Disease Control (CDC), in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) to decide the corona zone you are in.
According to Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization, Coronavirus region include Australia, African territory, America that incorporates all Latin Hemisphere, Central America, Canadian and North American nations except the United States, Britain, the Baltic colonies, Eastern Caribbean, Northern Atlantic, Western Pacific and South-eastern Asia. Please visit the CDC’s COVID-19 global map for more information on which countries belong to which zone. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/global-covid-19/world-map.html
World Health Organization / WHO Corona statistics
W.H.O Coronavirus figures indicate that the world has 9.7 million COVID-19 cases as of June 24, 2020, and that nearly 477,269 deaths are registered worldwide. The main cases of illnesses and deaths are in America and Europe. You should also check the reports of the WHO on corona, which are updated regularly. To find more statistics, please follow this link. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200607-covid-19-sitrep-139.pdf?sfvrsn=79dc6d08_2
CORONAVIRUS/ COVID-19 FAQs
What is a novel Coronavirus?
A novel coronavirus has not been previously identified. It is a new virus that causes a disease called COVID-19 or Coronavirus disease in 2019. It is different from the coronaviruses that circulate commonly in humans and cause mild illness such as a cold. A diagnosis of coronavirus 229E, NL63, OC43, or HKU1 is not synonymous with a diagnosis of COVID-19.
Why is the disease being called Coronavirus disease 2019/COVID-19?
The World Health Organization (WHO) needed to come up with a name to distinguish this new disease from the various other forms of human coronaviruses, including those that usually cause minor upper respiratory tract diseases. The label COVID-19 was based on best practices for designating a new human infectious disease by the WHO. ‘CO’ represents ‘corona,’ ‘VI’ means ‘virus’ and ‘D’ mean illness. This disease was formerly called “2019 novel coronavirus” or “2019-nCoV.”
Why do some states or countries’ Coronavirus / COVID-19 infection case numbers differ from those posted on the CDC or WHO or John Hopkins websites?
Several countries are using distinct data collection methods and processing from those used by the CDC, John Hopkins or the WHO in determining the number of Coronavirus cases. This has brought about the differences in the overall COVID-19 case numbers. CDC’s COVID-19 case numbers include many publicly reported numbers, including information from state, local, territorial, international and external partners.
Several countries use different data collection and analysis approaches from those used by the CDC, John Hopkins or the WHO when calculating the number of cases of Coronavirus. That also brought on the variations in the total number of COVID-19 cases. CDC’s COVID-19 case numbers include numerous publicly reported numbers including state, local, territorial, international, and external partner information.
Are people with high blood pressure (hypertension) at higher risk from COVID-19?
What is known is that many people who have been seriously ill with COVID-19 have high blood pressure, but they are often older or have other medical conditions such as obesity, diabetes, and severe heart conditions that put them at a higher risk of severe illness. Recent results have not yet necessarily shown that people with elevated blood pressure and no other underlying health problems are more likely to get critically ill from Coronavirus / COVID-19 than anyone.
Can someone who has Coronavirus / COVID-19 spread the disease to other people?
The answer is yes. Coronavirus can easily be transmitted to another person. People with severe illness or those with symptoms are considered to be the most contagious. CDC and WHO also advocate isolating these patients either at the hospital or at home until they are healthier and no longer pose a risk of infecting others. Asymptomatic patients (those without symptoms of Coronavirus) can also spread the virus actively, without ever noticing it.
Can someone who has been quarantined for Coronavirus / COVID-19 spread the virus to others?
Quarantine involves isolating a person or group of individuals who have been diagnosed with an infectious disease like COVID-19 but have not exhibited symptoms, in order to prevent the potential transmission of the disease. The period of incubation of that communicable disease determines the amount of time that person spends in quarantine. An infected person may develop signs and symptoms of the illness within that time.
For COVID-19, the incubation or quarantine period is 14 days. It also means that after someone is released from COVID-19 isolation, he or she is not considered a risk of spreading the virus to others because they have not developed illness during the incubation period.
Can I get Coronavirus / COVID-19 if it is on food?
The studies currently ongoing provide no indication that Coronavirus can be spread through food. Further analysis is needed.
Will warm weather stop the outbreak of Coronavirus or COVID-19?
Some of the questions most commonly posed about COVID-19 include:-Can high temperatures kill the virus that causes Coronavirus COVID-19? Is COVID-19 sensitive to temperature?
It is not yet known. Coronaviruses, however, are usually considered to live at higher temperatures and higher humidity for shorter periods, while at lower temperatures they can live for longer periods. However, for a temperature-based threshold at which this virus will die, there are no definitive study results. Regardless of the temperature, please follow the CDC and W.H.O guidelines on how to prevent this disease from spreading. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/
Can mosquitoes or ticks spread corona virus?
Research data on this new corona virus suggests as of today that the COVID-19 spreads are from person to person, but not from mosquitoes or ticks.
What is community spread?
Community spread is when people get infected with the virus in area and it is impossible to trace for contacts since many people will not be sure how or where they became infected.
How can I protect myself from COVID-19?
To stay safe from COVID-19, follow the CDC and the WHO guidelines on how to protect yourself and others around you from Coronavirus, for example.
- Know how the disease spreads
- Since there is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019. The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
- The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person especially between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet) through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs. Some recent studies have suggested that COVID-19 may be spread by people who are not showing symptoms.
- Everyone Should
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
- If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Avoid close contact
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick, even inside your home. If possible, maintain 6 feet between the person who is sick and other household members.
- Put distance between yourself and other people outside of your home.
- Remember that some people without symptoms may be able to spread the virus.
- Stay at least 6 feet (about 2 arms’ length) from other people.
- Do not gather in groups.
- Stay out of crowded places and avoid mass gatherings.
- Keeping distance from others is especially important for people who are at higher risk of getting very sick.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a cloth face cover when around others
- You could spread COVID-19 to others even if you do not feel sick.
- Everyone should wear a cloth face cover when they have to go out in public, for example to the grocery store or to pick up other necessities.
- Cloth face coverings should not be placed on young children under age 2, anyone who has trouble breathing, or is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.
- The cloth face cover is meant to protect other people in case you are infected.
- Do NOT use a facemask meant for a healthcare worker.
- Continue to keep about 6 feet between yourself and others. The cloth face cover is not a substitute for social distancing.
- Cover coughs and sneezes
- If you are in a private setting and do not have on your cloth face covering, remember to always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow.
- Throw used tissues in the trash.
- Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not readily available, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
- Clean and disinfect
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
- If surfaces are dirty, clean them. Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.
- Then, use a household disinfectant. Most common EPA-registered household disinfectants will work.
- Monitor Your Health
- Be alert for symptoms. Watch out for fever, cough, shortness of breath, or other symptoms of COVID-19.
- Especially important if you are running essential errands, going into the office or workplace, and in settings where it may be difficult to keep a physical distance of 6 feet.
- Take your temperature if symptoms develop.
- Don’t take your temperature within 30 minutes of exercising or after taking medications that could lower your temperature, like acetaminophen.
What is a safe distance from others to protect against the coronavirus disease?
It is recommended that you space at least 2 meters between yourself and others. That is because when someone cough, sneeze or talk, he/she spray small liquid droplets from the nose or mouth which may contain the virus and if you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets. In case that person has COVID-19 you can as well get the disease.
What do if you’re sick or caring for someone who is sick with Coronavirus / COVID-19?
For this case, CDC and W.H.O recommends that;
- You stay at home. Most people with COVID-19 have mild illness and can recover at home without medical care. Do not leave your home, except to get medical care. Do not visit public areas.
- You take care of yourself. Get rest and stay hydrated. Take counter medicines, such as acetaminophen, to help you feel better.
- You stay in touch with your doctor. However, you should call before you get medical care. Be sure to get care if you have trouble breathing, or have any other emergency warning signs, or if you think it is an emergency.
- You avoid public transportation, ride-sharing, or taxis.
- You separate yourself from other people
- You stay in a specific room and away from other people and pets in your home. If possible, you should use a separate bathroom. If you need to be around other people or animals in or outside of the home, wear a cloth face covering.
- If you have a medical appointment that cannot be postponed, call your doctor’s office, and tell them you have or may have COVID-19. This will help the office protect themselves and other patients.
- If you are sick wear a cloth covering over your nose and mouth
- You should wear a cloth face covering, over your nose and mouth if you must be around other people or animals, including pets (even at home)
- You don’t need to wear the cloth face covering if you are alone. If you can’t put on a cloth face covering (because of trouble breathing, for example), cover your coughs and sneezes in some other way. Try to stay at least 6 feet away from other people. This will help protect the people around you.
- Cloth face coverings should not be placed on young children under age 2 years, anyone who has trouble breathing, or anyone who is not able to remove the covering without help.
Note: During the COVID-19 pandemic, medical-grade facemasks are reserved for healthcare workers and some first responders. You may need to make a cloth face-covering using a scarf or bandana.
When should you seek for Emergency Medical Attention?
It is recommended that if a person shows any of these signs for coronavirus, such as trouble breathing, persistent chest pain or pressure, new confusion, unable to wake up or remain awake, bluish lips or face, he/she should seek medical attention
Note: Call ahead and notify the local health authority that you are seeking care for someone who has or may have Coronavirus COVID-19.
Am I at risk from COVID-19 from mail packages, or products?
COVID-19 is unlikely to be distributed by domestic or international mail, goods or packaging. Nonetheless, this is not known to be the predominant way virus spreads. People could possibly contract Coronavirus by touching surfaces or object with the virus on it and then touching their mouth, nose and eyes.
Is it okay for me to donate blood?
The World Health Organization (WHO) and CDC are urging people who are well off to do blood donation whenever they can. CDC assists blood centers with guidelines that will ensure donors and workers are healthy. Examples of these recommendations include spacing donor chairs 6 feet apart, adhering to thorough cleaning practices in the environment and encouraging donors to make donation appointments early.
Does the Coronavirus create stigmas in the population?
This is possible that as they return to their families, those who have recovered from COVID-19 and cured from it have experienced a certain degree of shame. Many people will often associate them with the illness despite being absolutely healed and pose no chance of infecting others in society.
What does flattening the curve mean?
Flattening the curve means reducing the rate of new infections at any given time. This essentially allows healthcare services to better manage the same patient volume without straining the healthcare system at all.
What is the risk of my child at risk of getting Coronavirus / COVID-19?
The current evidence shows that children are not at higher risk than adults to contract Coronavirus. However, the disease has been recorded in children and infants.
Are symptoms of Coronavirus / COVID-19 in children different from those in adults?
Both children and adults develop similar Coronavirus symptoms. The only difference is that kids appear to experience such minor symptoms as fever, runny nose, and cough. There were also reports of vomiting and diarrhoea. It is not yet clear for certain that any children, particularly those with existing medical conditions and special healthcare needs, could be at a greater risk for serious illness.
Can breast milk transmit the Coronavirus disease?
No transmission of coronavirus through breast milk has been found. When breastfeeding, a mother can also follow effective hygiene precautions, including, if applicable, wearing a medical mask to minimize the risk of COVID-19 droplets transferring to her child.
Should children wear face masks?
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), every one of 2 years and older should wear a cloth face covering that covers their nose and mouth when they are out in the community. Cloth face coverings should not be put on babies or children younger than 2 because of the danger of suffocation. Children younger than 2 years of age are listed as an exception as well as anyone who has trouble breathing or is unconscious, incapacitated, or otherwise unable to remove the face covering without assistance.
Why is it important to wear a face mask?
If you wear a face mask in an audience, it will reduce the spread of COVID-19, especially where social distancing, frequent hand cleaning and other daily preventive actions cannot be done regularly. In case the wearer is positive for COVID-19 it stops the transmission of the virus from the wearer to others. That would be particularly important if someone is infected but has no symptoms. Health face masks and N95 respirators, as suggested by new CDC guidelines, are only intended for health care workers and other first responders.
How can I prepare my children for Coronavirus / COVID-19 community outbreak?
Be calm when talking about COVID-19 with your kids. Re-assures them they’re okay. You should warn them of the effects, and encourage them not to get sick. Kids respond differently to stressful situations than adults do.
Does the new coronavirus pose a threat to pregnant women and fetuses?
According to existing study reports, COVID-19 does not appear to pose a particular danger to expectant mothers. Therefore pregnant women are not entitled to extra preventive precautions other than those usually prescribed during pregnancy.
SCHOOL DISMISSALS & CHILDREN
While school is out can my children hang out with friends?
It’s not recommended that children go and hang out from other families with other children. This is mainly because the practice of social distancing is the key to slowing COVID-19 spread. If interacting with other children outside their own homes is absolutely essential for these children, they should strive to remain 6 feet away from anyone who is not in their own household. You can help your kids have supervised phone calls or video chats with their friends to help them stay socially connected with their friends while being socially distancing.
While school is out, how can I help my child continue learning?
Below are some of the guidelines that you can follow to ensure that your child stays learning.
Stay in touch with the school of your child: Today, several schools offer virtual learning to students. You need to know what the school has to offer for your child in terms of assignments. You may need to help your child set a reasonable pace to complete the work, too. You might need to help your child turn on devices, read instructions and type answers. You should inform the school of the child in the event of technological or connectivity challenges
Create a home learning program and timetable, but remain adaptable: Having a consistent sleep period is important. Come up with an organized time table for day-to-day exercises, counting, learning or finishing school assignments as well as solid dinners and snacks, and physical movement. Allow adaptability within the plan, an adjustment based on your day is affirmed.
Search for ways to make learning fun: Have hands-on exercises such as puzzles, painting, drawing, and making things that make the child mentally and physically locked inside the task. In putting organized learning, autonomous play can also be used. Encourage kids to create a sheet shelter or practice counting by piling tiles.
What should people at higher risk of serious illness with Coronavirus COVID-19 do?
People with a higher risk of getting a severe illness from Coronavirus disease 2019, for example, those aged 65 years and above should implement the following guidelines to avoid getting infected.
- Stock up on supplies such as groceries, medicines if you need any
- Take everyday precautions to keep space between yourself and others
- When you go out in public, keep away from others who are sick
- Limit close contact and wash your hands often
- Avoid crowds, cruise travel, and non-essential travel
- If there is an outbreak in your community
- Try to stay home as much as possible and watch for symptoms and emergency signs for COVID-19.
- If you get sick, stay home and call your doctor.
Are people with disabilities at higher risk of contracting Coronavirus/COVID-19?
Unless a disabled person has other underlying medical conditions that will make him/her susceptible to the virus, this person is not at higher risk of becoming infected with COVID-19 when compared to other people.
CLEANING & DISINFECTION
What is the difference between cleaning and disinfection?
Cleaning is done with soap and water to removes germs, dirt, and impurities from surfaces to lower the risk of spreading infection while disinfecting refers to the use of stronger detergents which kill germs on surfaces and this can further lower the risk of spreading infection.
How frequent should facilities be cleaned in order to reduce the risk of spread of COVID-19?
In order to preserve a safe environment, comprehensive daily maintenance activity can be conducted at company facilities, clinics, and house. Door handles, bathroom surfaces, handrails, and other surfaces frequently touched by multiple people should be cleaned at least daily with soap and water or another detergent when these facilities are in use. More frequent cleaning and disinfection may be necessary according to the level of use. For example, certain surfaces and objects in public spaces should be cleaned and disinfected before each use, such as shopping carts and point of sale keypads.
Is cleaning alone effective against Coronavirus?
No, cleaning only helps to remove germs, which reduces the risk of infection spreading, but it does not kill the germ, which means that the risk of infection remains. If a surface may have received the virus from a person with or suspected of having COVID-19, the surface should be immediately cleaned and disinfected, but other measures should also be taken to control the spread of Coronavirus.
What animals can get COVID-19?
A limited number of animals were confirmed to have been contracting coronavirus around the world. This mostly happens after having contacts with a person with the virus that cause COVID-19. What remains unknown is which animals may or may not be infected with Coronavirus. However, a limited number of animals, including dogs, cats, lions and tigers, have been confirmed to be infected with the virus that causes COVID-19, often after near contact with people with COVID-19; are known to the W.H.O and CDC.
Do I need to get my pet animal tested for Coronavirus / COVID-19?
It should not be a priority as of now since there are only a few cases of animals being tested positive for COVID-19.
Can animals carry Coronavirus in their fur or skin?
While animals can often bear other germs that can make humans ill, scientific results today do not support the argument that animal skins can harbour the novel corona virus. It is always a good idea, however, to practice healthy habits around animals, including washing hands before and after interacting with it.
Can I walk my dog in during the Coronavirus/ COVID- 19 pandemic?
Yes, but when you’re out for a walk do not let other people pet your dog. Hold up on a leash while you walk your dog and try to keep at least 6 feet (2 metres) away from others as far as possible.
What should I do if my pet gets sick and I think its Coronavirus / COVID-19?
When you suspect that your pet has developed novel Coronavirus symptoms, talk to your doctor. You are not advised to take the pet to the veterinarian doctor, just call him/her and let him/her know that the pet was near a COVID-19 infected person. Some veterinarians may offer consultations on telemedicine, or other plans to see sick pets. A doctor will diagnose a pet and decide next steps to handle and care for your pet.
Why are animals being tested for Coronavirus COVID-19 yet many people can’t get tested?
Animals are rarely tested for the virus the cause COVID-19. Not even doing routine animal testing at this time is advised. Any animal studies are performed on a case-by-case basis. For example, if a COVID-19 patient’s pet has a new disease with symptoms close to those of COVID-19, the veterinarian of the animal can meet with officials of public health and animal welfare to decide whether testing is appropriate.
COVID-19 & WATER
Can Coronavirus be spread through drinking water?
Current findings from the research show that Coronavirus has not been detected in drinking water. Conventional methods of handling water using filtration and disinfection, such as those used in most urban or regional drinking water supplies, are effective in destroying or inactivating the COVID-19 virus.
Can Coronavirus be found in Stool or faeces?
Yes, the virus was found in the feces of some diagnosed COVID-19 patients. It is not yet clear, however, that the virus present in feces could be capable of triggering COVID-19 as there has not been a verified case of the virus spreading to a human from feces.
Yes, the virus was found in the faeces of some diagnosed COVID-19 patients. It is not yet clear, however, that the virus present in faeces could be capable of triggering COVID-19 as there has not been a verified case of the virus spreading to a human from faeces.
Can Coronavirus spread through sewage systems?
Yeah, Coronavirus was detected in untreated wastewater, but scientists are not sure whether this virus can cause disease if a person is exposed to untreated wastewater or sewerage systems. The probability of transmission of the virus causing COVID-19 through properly built and maintained sewerage systems is considered very small at this time.